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Sunday, July 21, 2024

World Vitiligo Day – Awareness and Acceptance

Recently, World Vitiligo Day was observed on June 25 to generate awareness about the condition. Vitiligo is a skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by the loss of pigment in certain areas of skin, resulting in white patches.

Let’s try and understand the cases, symptoms and available treatment options. Let’s start with what causes vitiligo. Even as the medical expert, I have still not concluded what causes vitiligo. A combination of genetic, autoimmune and environmental factors is thought to contribute to its development.

Research indicates that specific genes may heighten the likelihood of developing vitiligo. If you have a family history of the condition, you may possess a greater susceptibility to its manifestation.

Vitiligo is believed to be an autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune system targets and destroys melanocytosis. Melanocytosis are the cells responsible for producing skin pigment. There are also environmental triggers. External elements such as stress exposure to certain chemicals or skin trauma have been identified as potential triggers that can initiate or exacerbate vitiligo in individuals predisposed to the condition. These pigmented patches can emerge anywhere on the body affecting various areas such as skin, hair, mucous membranes where vitiligo can also impact areas such as inside of the mouth and nose. It is crucial to consult a dermatologist to obtain a proper diagnosis of the vitiligo condition.

Let us now understand what are the possible treatments of vitiligo. Although a cure for vitiligo is yet to be discovered, there are numerous treatment options available to help individuals manage the condition and enhance the appearance of affected skin.

Here it is important to note that the treatment for vitiligo is not mandatory, as the condition does not pose harm to the body and is primarily cosmetic. Common treatments for vitiligo include medication, light therapy, deep pigmentation therapy, surgery and counseling. While there are various approaches and benefits of each approach, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable option based on individual circumstances.

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