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Sunday, July 21, 2024

Russia – North Korea Mutual Defence Pact

President Vladimir Putin’s visit to Pyongyang culminated in a security agreement between Russia and North Korea. Here, both the countries agreed on providing immediate military assistance if either faces armed aggression. In the past, Putin did not back North Korea’s nuclear ambitions and for a time even supported international sanctions aimed at curbing Pyongyang’s nuclear capabilities. But the times changed after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022.

This event marked a watershed in the relationship between the two countries, North Korea and Russia. As the collision of western powers led by the United States came together to isolate Russia, Putin reached out to his neighbors, China and Korea for support and solidarity.

These two countries today form a front against the western liberal order, bound together by pragmatic considerations. As per a recent report by Reuters, Article 4 of the said agreement says, In case any one of the two sides is put in a state of war by any armed invasion from an individual state or several states, the other side shall provide military and other assistance with all means in its position without delay in accordance with article 51 of the UN Charter and the laws of the DPRK North Korea and the Russian Federation.

The pact between Russia and North Korea talks about cooperation in a wide range of areas including mutual military support and unspecified technological assistance. This treaty seems to be presenting a direct security threat for South Korea and Japan. Both countries have long been concerned about North Korea’s nuclear program and military strength and the Russian security umbrella will only add to these concerns.

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